Ferreira, C.C.; Abreu, T.; Silva, P.A.; Bernabeu, A.; Romão, S., and Staudt, F., 2020. Sediment transport with mixed sand in nonlinear regular waves. In: Malvárez, G. and Navas, F. (eds.), Global Coastal Issues of 2020. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 95, pp. 408–411. Coconut Creek (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208.
This work presents the results of an experiment carried out in the Large Wave Flume (Großer Wellenkanal, GWK) in Hannover, which enables full-scale wave experiments to be conducted above sand beds. The experiment consisted of a set of regular waves propagating over a 30 m long horizontal bed composed of a bimodal mixture of fine (F) and coarse (C) sands. Wave gauges placed along the test section and an ADV (Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter) placed above the wave bottom boundary layer allow characterizing the wave nonlinearity parameters (skewness and asymmetry). Fluorescent sand was inserted at the beginning of each experiment and subsequent bed samples allowed tracking its movement, differentiating between the coarse and fine sand fractions.
This study presents the results obtained with a particular sediment mixture (75%F+25%C) for two regular trochoidal wave conditions with the same wave period, 7 s, but different wave heights, 1.0 and 1.5 m. The total net transport rates estimated from a practical sediment transport formula, which includes both effects of wave asymmetry and skewness, are comparable with those obtained with the fluorescent tracer.