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1 April 2007 Effects of Orchard Host Plants (Apple and Peach) on Development of Oriental Fruit Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
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Abstract

Studies were designed to examine the effects of host plants (apple, Malus domestica Borkh., and peach, Prunus persica L.) on the development of oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Oriental fruit moth larvae developed faster on peach than on apple, both on fruit as well as on growing terminal shoots. On fruit, these differences were shown to cause significant changes in both the rate (≈20–60 degree-days earlier emergence on peach than on apple) and patterns of adult emergence among several cultivars of peaches and apples. Slopes of female emergence plots varied by host in 2003, with emergence occurring over a longer period on peach cultivars than on apple cultivars (with one exception). Slopes of male emergence curves did not differ by cultivar in 2003. These host-driven effects could impact the efficacy of traditional pest management approaches and probably complicate efforts to predictively model G. molesta populations in mixed cultivar orchards. Such developmental effects may help to explain previously observed differences in patterns of pheromone trap captures in peach versus apple orchards. Host-associated effects should be incorporated into future models to develop more realistic predictive tools and thus improve integrated pest management efforts.

Clayton T. Myers, Larry A. Hull, and Grzegorz Krawczyk "Effects of Orchard Host Plants (Apple and Peach) on Development of Oriental Fruit Moth (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 100(2), 421-430, (1 April 2007). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493(2007)100[421:EOOHPA]2.0.CO;2
Received: 21 November 2005; Accepted: 29 November 2006; Published: 1 April 2007
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