Field-based bioassays and residue profile analysis were used to determine the relative importance of lethal and sublethal effects of imidacloprid on adult Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica Newman, in blueberries, Vaccinium corymbosum L. Field-based bioassays assessed adult mortality and knockdown, and fruit and leaf injury from Japanese beetles exposed to 4-h and 7-d field-aged residues of imidacloprid, and the conventional insecticides azinphosmethyl and esfenvalerate. Azinphosmethyl and imidacloprid caused high levels of mortality when beetles were exposed to blueberry shoots with ripe fruit 4 h postapplication, and all compounds protected blueberry fruit and foliage from beetle feeding. Azinphosmethyl and esfenvalerate caused significant Japanese beetle mortality when adults were exposed to blueberry shoots 7 d postapplication, whereas imidacloprid residues caused effects that protected leaves, although not of ripe fruit. When beetles were exposed to shoots with immature green fruit, relatively more leaf feeding and mortality were observed, suggesting that earlier treatment timings may be most effective for systemic neonicotinoids. Japanese beetle mortality was highly correlated with imidacloprid fruit and leaf surface residues, whereas sublethal feeding deterrent effects were observed after the surface residues diminished. The value of the plant-insect-chemistry model for describing the spatial and temporal dimensions of insecticide modes of activity is discussed in terms of optimizing crop protection.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 100 • No. 5