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1 April 2008 Sublethal Effects of Antibiosis Resistance on the Reproductive Biology of Two Spittlebug (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) Species Affecting Brachiaria spp.
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Abstract

Several greenhouse experiments were used to measure how high levels of antibiosis resistance to nymphs in two interspecific Brachiaria (brachiariagrass) hybrids affect life history parameters of the spittlebugs Aeneolamia varia (F.) and Zulia carbonaria (Lallemand), two of the most important spittlebug (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) species affecting Brachiaria production in Colombia. The A. varia-resistant hybrid CIAT 36062, the Z. carbonaria-resistant hybrid SX01NO/0102, and the susceptible accession CIAT 0654 were used to compare the effect of all possible combinations of food sources for nymphs and adults. Calculation of growth indexes showed a significant impact of antibiosis resistance on the biology of immature stages of both species. Median survival times of adults feeding on resistant genotypes did not differ from those recorded on the susceptible genotype, suggesting that factors responsible for high mortality of nymphs in the resistant hybrids did not affect adult survival. Rearing nymphs of A. varia on CIAT 36062 and of Z. carbonaria on SX01NO/0102 had deleterious sublethal effects on the reproductive biology of resulting adult females. It is concluded that high nymphal mortality and subsequent sublethal effects of nymphal antibiosis on adults should have a major impact on the demography of the two spittlebug species studied.

Paola A. Sotelo, María F. Miller, Cesar Cardona, John W. Miles, Guillermo Sotelo, and James Montoya "Sublethal Effects of Antibiosis Resistance on the Reproductive Biology of Two Spittlebug (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) Species Affecting Brachiaria spp.," Journal of Economic Entomology 101(2), 564-568, (1 April 2008). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493(2008)101[564:SEOARO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 6 June 2007; Accepted: 23 October 2007; Published: 1 April 2008
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