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1 August 2009 Inheritance and Categories of Resistance in Wheat to Russian Wheat Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Biotype 1 and Biotype 2
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Abstract

The Russian wheat aphid, Diruaphis noxia (Kudjumov) (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is globally one of the most devastating pests of wheat, Tritium aestivum L., and barley, Hordeum vulgare L. Host plant resistance is the foundation of cereal insect pest management programs, and several D. noxia resistance (Dn) genes from wheat have been introduced in commercial cultivars of wheat to manage Russian wheat aphid (RWA). Emergence of D. noxia biotype 2 (RWA2) in Colorado has made all known Dn genes, except the Dn7 gene from rye, Secale cereale L., vulnerable and has warranted exploration for sources of resistance to RWA1 and RWA2. Here, we report antibiosis resistance to RWA1 and RWA2 identified in the wheat breeding line KS94H871. Additional experiments indicated that tolerance and antixenosis are not operating in KS94H871. Segregation studies involving F2-derived F3 families indicated that KS94H871 resistance to RWA1 is controlled by one dominant gene and one recessive gene, whereas resistance to RWA2 is controlled by only one dominant gene. This new genetic resource may serve as a good source of resistance in future breeding programs with proper understanding of the genetics of resistance.

© 2009 Entomological Society of America
S. A. Khan, M. Murugan, S. Starkey, A. Manley, and C. M. Smith "Inheritance and Categories of Resistance in Wheat to Russian Wheat Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Biotype 1 and Biotype 2," Journal of Economic Entomology 102(4), 1654-1662, (1 August 2009). https://doi.org/10.1603/029.102.0433
Received: 21 March 2009; Accepted: 1 May 2009; Published: 1 August 2009
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