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1 October 2010 Wind as an Abiotic Factor of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Flight Take-Off Activity Under Field Conditions
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Abstract

The flight take-off activity of Colorado potato beetles, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), was significantly higher at a landscape-protected than at semiexposed and exposed sites in a 2-yr field study. In both years, mean daylight temperature, solar radiation, and relative humidity were generally similar at all sites, but wind speed was lower at the protected site than at the exposed sites. Results suggest that wind was the limiting abiotic factor for flight take-off at the exposed site. Caged beetles exposed to constant wind speeds of 3.4, 4.7, and 7.0 m/s showed a significant corresponding decrease in number of flight take-off. There was no cumulative effect of wind exposure on the readiness of the beetles to fly, suggesting that wind acts as a physical barrier to flight take-off. It should be possible to reduce Colorado potato beetle flight dispersal by selecting fields most exposed to wind over landscape-protected fields when rotating potato, Solanum tuberosum L., crops.

G. Boiteau, P. C. McCarthy, and P. D. MacKinley "Wind as an Abiotic Factor of Colorado Potato Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Flight Take-Off Activity Under Field Conditions," Journal of Economic Entomology 103(5), 1613-1620, (1 October 2010). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC09421
Received: 16 December 2009; Accepted: 1 June 2010; Published: 1 October 2010
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