The Swede midge, Contarinia nasturtii Kieffer (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a common insect pest in Europe, is a newly invasive pest in North America that constitutes a major threat to crucifer vegetable and field crops. Chemical control of Swede midge with synthetic insecticides under laboratory conditions indicated that insecticides generally could provide very effective control; however, insecticide treatments in the field were rarely able to maintain damage levels within marketable limits. In the current study, factors affecting insecticide efficacy were investigated using a neonicotinoid insecticide, acetamipird, as a foliar spray on cauliflower plants. Our results indicated that Swede midge density did not affect the efficacy of acetamirpid, although it significantly increased the subsequent Swede midge population on the unsprayed cauliflower plants. Additionally, cauliflower plant age did not significantly affect spray coverage and acetamipird efficacy on Swede midge. However, acetamiprid only provided 6-d control of Swede midge and its efficacy was reduced by up to 50% 9 d after spraying. Implications of our results on the development of an overall integrated pest management (IPM) program for Swede midge also are discussed.
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Vol. 103 • No. 6