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1 August 2011 Effect of Vermicompost and Cucumber Cultivar on Population Growth Attributes of the Melon Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae)
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Abstract

Worldwide, the developing industry of cucumbers (Cucumis sativus L.) grown in greenhouses is threatened by damage from sucking pests, especially aphids. Among these, the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is the most serious. We tested the effect of two cucumber cultivars (‘Royal’and‘Storm’) and three vermicompost concentrations (0 [control], 20, and 30%) in field soil on the development and fecundity rates of A. gossypii, by using a randomized complete block design with four replicates as a factorial experiment. The developmental times of nymphs reared on plants grown into the three vermicompost concentrations ranged from 5.5 (0%) to 8.7 (30%) d (on Storm) and from 4.3 (0%) to 7 (30%) d (on Royal). The developmental time of melon aphid's nymphs was greatest on plants grown in the culture medium with 30% vermicompost rate and least on plants reared in the soil without vermicompost. The intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) of A. gossypii ranged from 0.204 d-1 on plants grown in the soil amended with 30% vermicompost rate (on Storm seedlings) to 0.458 d-1 on plants grown in the soil without vermicompost (on Royal seedlings). Accordingly, our findings confirm that a combination of a low level of vermicompost and a partially resistant cucumber cultivar might play an important role in managing this aphid on cucumbers in greenhouses.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
J. Razmjou, M. Mohammadi, and M. Hassanpour "Effect of Vermicompost and Cucumber Cultivar on Population Growth Attributes of the Melon Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 104(4), 1379-1383, (1 August 2011). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC10120
Received: 29 March 2010; Accepted: 1 January 2011; Published: 1 August 2011
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