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1 February 2012 Assessment of Fennel Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and their Predators in Fennel Intercropped with Cotton with Colored Fibers
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The fennel aphid, Hyadaphis foeniculi (Passerini) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a major pest of fennel, Foeniculum vulgare Miller in northeast region of Brazil. We hypothesize that intercropping can be used as an alternative pest management strategy to reduce aphid yield loss in fennel. Thus, we investigated the severity of fennel plant damage in relation to infestation by the fennel aphid and predation by Cycloneda sanguinea (L.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) (spotless lady beetle), green lacewing, Chrysoperla cornea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae), and Scymnus spp. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in sole fennel plots and plots of fennel intercropped with cotton with colored fibers. The fennel aphid populations in nontreated plots were significantly larger in sole fennel plots than in intercropped plots. The highest densities of C. sanguinea, green lacewings and Scymnus spp., associated with the suppression of fennel aphid populations was found in fennel in the intercropping systems. Fennel aphids reduced the fennel seed yield by 80% in the sole fennel plots compared with ≈30% for all intercropping systems. The results obtained in this research are of practical significance for designing appropriate strategies for fennel aphid control in fennel-cotton intercropping systems. In summary, intercropping fennel with cotton with colored fibers apparently promoted biocontrol of fennel aphid in fennel.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
F. S. Ramalho, F. S. Fernandes, A.R.B. Nascimento, J. L. Nascimento Júnior, J. B. Malaquias, and C.A.D. Silva "Assessment of Fennel Aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and their Predators in Fennel Intercropped with Cotton with Colored Fibers," Journal of Economic Entomology 105(1), 113-119, (1 February 2012).
Received: 6 July 2011; Accepted: 1 October 2011; Published: 1 February 2012

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