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1 December 2013 Effect of Temperature and Photoperiod on the Development, Reproduction, and Predation of the Predatory Ladybird Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
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Abstract

The polyphagous predatory ladybird Cheilomenes sexmaculata (F.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is distributed throughout southern China and has been investigated as a potential biological control agent against herbivorous insects in various agroecosystems. In the current study,weevaluated the preimaginal development, eclosion rate, reproduction, fertility, adult longevity, and prey consumption of C. sexmaculata under five temperature and five photoperiod regimens. The results showed that preadult developmental duration decreased significantly with increasing temperature and amount of daylight. Adult eclosion rate was highest at 35°C and under conditions of complete darkness. Higher temperatures shortened the duration of copulation and preoviposition, prolonged the duration of oviposition, and increased the level of fecundity. Hatchability was highest at 30°C . By contrast, the shortest copulation and oviposition duration and lowest level of fecundity and hatchability occurred with a completely dark photoperiod. Temperature and the gender of C. sexmaculata influenced adult longevity. In addition, there was a significant interaction effect of photoperiod and gender on adult longevity. Furthermore, prey consumption by fourth instar larvae and adult females both increased with increasing temperature and photoperiod. Our results reveal the high thermal and light sensitivities of C. sexmaculata, which highlight the importance of environment regulation in the mass rearing of this natural enemy for application as a biological control in agroecosystems in China.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
Su Wang, Xiao-Ling Tan, Xiao-Jun Guo, and Fan Zhang "Effect of Temperature and Photoperiod on the Development, Reproduction, and Predation of the Predatory Ladybird Cheilomenes sexmaculata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 106(6), (1 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13095
Received: 22 February 2013; Accepted: 1 September 2013; Published: 1 December 2013
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