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1 February 2014 Large-Scale Confirmatory Tests of a Phytosanitary Irradiation Treatment Against Sternochetus frigidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Philippine Mango
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Abstract

The mango pulp weevil, Sternochetus frigidus (F.), is an important quarantine pest preventing the export of mangoes from the Philippines to the United States and other countries. Previously, a radiation dose of 100 Gy was proposed for phytosanitary treatment of S. frigidus based on dose-response studies with larvae, pupae, and adult weevils. To validate an irradiation treatment, large-scale confirmatory tests were conducted with adults (the most radiation-tolerant stage) in mangoes at 100 and 150 Gy. After treatment, adults were removed from fruit, sexed, and mated in pairs to observe any reproduction. At 100 Gy, adults laid a small number of eggs but none of the eggs hatched. At 150 Gy (measured doses 96.7–164.1 Gy), 4,559 treated weevils laid no eggs, indicating that this dose caused complete sterility. Irradiation treatment with a minimum absorbed dose of 165 Gy will therefore provide quarantine security for S. frigidus in exported Philippine mangoes.

Glenda. B. Obra, S. S. Resilva, P. A. Follett, and L.R.J. Lorenzana "Large-Scale Confirmatory Tests of a Phytosanitary Irradiation Treatment Against Sternochetus frigidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Philippine Mango," Journal of Economic Entomology 107(1), 161-165, (1 February 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13316
Received: 9 July 2013; Accepted: 1 September 2013; Published: 1 February 2014
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