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1 February 2014 Rapid Spread of a Recently Introduced Virus (Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus) and Its Vector Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Liaoning Province, China
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Abstract

In Liaoning Province, China, tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) was first detected in 2009 and in only four counties. To quantify the spread of TYLCV and to identify potential factors influencing its spread in Liaoning Province, we assayed for TYLCV within 1,055 whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) complex) from 74 populations and 29 counties in 2011. The B. tabaci species of these individuals was determined based on molecular markers. TYLCV was found in 13 counties (Donggang, Liaoyang, Kazuo, Lingyuan, Heishan, Liaozhong, Kaiyuan, Taian, Dawa, Dashiqiao, Beizhen, Linghai, and Xingcheng) and was most frequently detected in the central plain. In addition, the percentage of whiteflies with TYLCV was significantly higher in B. tabaci Q than in B. tabaci B but was unrelated to the hosts (pepper, eggplant, tomato, cucumber, and kidney bean) on which the whiteflies had been collected. These results demonstrate that TYLCV has spread rapidly in Liaoning Province since its first detection and suggest that its spread is more closely associated with the introduction of B. tabaci Q than with the species of host plant. These findings also indicate that controls are now needed to reduce the further spread of TYLCV and that these controls should include the management of B. tabaci Q populations.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
Wan-Min Zhang, Hai-Bin Fu, Wen-Hang Wang, Chun-Shu Piao, Yun-Li Tao, Dong Guo, and Dong Chu "Rapid Spread of a Recently Introduced Virus (Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus) and Its Vector Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in Liaoning Province, China," Journal of Economic Entomology 107(1), 98-104, (1 February 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13348
Received: 2 August 2013; Accepted: 1 December 2013; Published: 1 February 2014
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