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1 February 2014 Bioactivity of Piper hispidinervum (Piperales: Piperaceae) and Syzygium aromaticum (Myrtales: Myrtaceae) Oils, with or without Formulated Bta on the Biology and Immunology of Spodopterafrugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
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Abstract

The combination of essential oils and Bacillus thuringiensis Berliner may represent an interesting control strategy. Thus, the study tested the following hypothesis: the combination of long pepper oil (Piper hispidinervum L.) and clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.) oils in two concentrations with Xentari WG (Bta) yields a more effective control of Spodoptera frugiperda (JE Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) affecting biological and reproductive parameters and leading to changes in the levels of phenoloxidase and nitric oxide in the hemolymph of the pest. The results demonstrate that only long pepper oil, at the highest concentration with Xentari WG (Bta), promotes reduced larval survival. However, both oils with or without the insecticide interfere in the biology and humoral immunity of S. frugiperda. All treatments caused a decrease in the amount of eggs, except for the clove oil at both concentrations without Bta. Therefore, the use of these oils is a promising alternative for the integrated management of S. frugiperda; however, its association with Bta demonstrated no significant increase in their efficiency.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
G. S. Cruz, V. Wanderley-Teixeira, J. V. Oliveira, A. A. Correia, M. O. Breda, T.J.S. Alves, F. M. Cunha, A.A.C. Teixeira, K. A. Dutra, and D.M.A.F. Navarro "Bioactivity of Piper hispidinervum (Piperales: Piperaceae) and Syzygium aromaticum (Myrtales: Myrtaceae) Oils, with or without Formulated Bta on the Biology and Immunology of Spodopterafrugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 107(1), 144-153, (1 February 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13351
Received: 7 August 2013; Accepted: 1 December 2013; Published: 1 February 2014
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