Translator Disclaimer
1 June 2014 A Comparative Life-Table Analysis of Sipha flava (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Two Biofuel Hosts, Miscanthus × giganteus and Saccharum spp.
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Among the insects reported in biofuel crops, the yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), is a potential pest of giant miscanthus, Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu ex Hodkinson et Renvoize (M×g) and energy cane “L79-1002”, Saccharum spp. L. We studied the biology of S. flava on M×g and energy cane and estimated the development period, fecundity, longevity, intrinsic rate of increase, doubling time, reproductive value, and survivorship curves. To demonstrate the host suitability in a susceptible species, we studied the aphid life table on sorghum ‘PL 18200,’ Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Life-table information was recorded under greenhouse conditions on the host plants. Our results suggested that both M×g and energy cane are suitable hosts for S. flava. We observed similar aphid development period on both hosts. Life-table estimates including longevity and fecundity suggested that M×g is a more suitable host for the aphid than energy cane. The intrinsic rate of increase for S. flava was lower on energy cane (0.231) than on M×g (0.258).

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
G. R. Pallipparambil, G. Cha, and M. E. Gray "A Comparative Life-Table Analysis of Sipha flava (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Two Biofuel Hosts, Miscanthus × giganteus and Saccharum spp.," Journal of Economic Entomology 107(3), 1069-1075, (1 June 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13263
Received: 3 June 2013; Accepted: 1 April 2014; Published: 1 June 2014
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top