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1 June 2014 Cross-Resistance and Baseline Susceptibility of Spirotetramat in Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
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Abstract

Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), is an economically important pest all over the world. New products against thrips are necessary, as there are few effective compounds exhibiting cross-resistance among them. Lethal effects, cross-resistance, and baseline susceptibility to spirotetramat were evaluated in this study. A new bioassay method for testing thrips against spirotetramat was developed. Spirotetramat showed a significant mortality effect on larvae after 7 d of exposure, but a low effect was observed on adults. Baseline results for larval instars showed LC50 values ranging from 11.59 to 49.81 mg AI/liter, with a low natural variability (3.2-fold). Cross-resistance studies showed overlapping confidence limits of the LC50 values for laboratory-selected (against acrinathrin, methiocarb, formetanate, and spinosad) resistant and susceptible strains, and low resistance factors, from 0.5 to 1.9, suggesting no cross-resistance to conventional insecticides previously used. A slight ovicidal effect (21–40% reduction) was also detected. Despite presenting low effects on adults, spirotetramat showed high but slow efficacy on F. occidentalis larvae. Field populations in southeast Spain showed a consistent susceptibility to spirotetramat. Given the scarcity of effective products and the lack of cross-resistance to other insecticides, spirotetramat can be considered as a good chemical tool to control F. occidentalis.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
Juan Guillén, Miguel Navarro, and Pablo Bielza "Cross-Resistance and Baseline Susceptibility of Spirotetramat in Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 107(3), 1239-1244, (1 June 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EC13397
Received: 12 September 2013; Accepted: 1 March 2014; Published: 1 June 2014
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