Biotypes of Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov), have nullified D. noxiaresistant wheat. In this study, feeding of North American D. noxia was measured in aphids fed resistant and susceptible wheat and barley using electrical penetration graph (EPG) recordings. Interactions between barley genotypes and D. noxia biotypes were significant. EPG recordings of biotype 1 aphids fed on D. noxia-resistant IBRWAGP4-7 barley plants displayed significantly more non-phloem (pathway) phase movements and significantly less sieve element phase (SEP) feeding than on susceptible plants. EPG recordings of D. noxia biotype 2 feeding are the first ever recorded, but no differences between biotype 2-susceptible and -resistant barley plants were found for any EPG parameter in biotype 2 aphids fed barley. No wheat genotype—D. noxia biotype interactions were detected, but when responses were averaged across resistant and susceptible wheat genotypes, biotype 1 displayed a significantly longer pathway phase and significantly more SEP feeding than biotype 2, and biotype 2 engaged in significantly more xylem drinking than biotype 1. IBRWAGP4-7 barley resistance to biotype 1 appears to be controlled by both intercellular factors encountered during the pathway phase and intracellular factors ingested during SEP feeding. The lack of differences in EPG parameters displayed by biotype 2 feeding on barley suggests that biotype 2 resistance in IBRWAGP4-7 barley is based on tolerance to D. noxia feeding instead of altered feeding patterns. Resistance in ‘KS94H871' wheat appears to be a function of phloem, nonphloem, and xylem factors that extend the duration of pathway feeding and limit SEP feeding.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 108 • No. 5