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1 October 2000 Development and Validation of a Binomial Sequential Sampling Plan for the Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Infesting Winter Wheat in the Southern Plains
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Abstract

From 1997 to 1999, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), intensity (number per tiller) was estimated on 115 occasions from hard red winter wheat fields located throughout the major wheat growing regions of Oklahoma. A total of 32 and 83 fields was sampled during the fall and spring, respectively. The parameters of linear regressions relating the mean number of greenbugs per tiller (m) and the proportion of infested tillers (PT) differed significantly between fall and spring infestations. The PT - m linear model provided a good fit for data on S. graminum for fall and spring infestations at tally thresholds of 0, 1, 2, and 3. A tally threshold (T) represents the number of greenbugs present on a tiller before the tiller is classified as infested by >T greenbugs. A regression model with a tally threshold of 2 was the most precise for classifying S. graminum populations during fall growth of winter wheat because it explained a greater amount of the variation in the PT - m relationship (97%) than models with other tally thresholds. A separate spring model with a tally threshold of 1 was the most precise for classifying S. graminum populations during spring growth of winter wheat. Sequential sampling stop lines based on sequential probability ratio tests were calculated for economic thresholds of 3 or 6 greenbugs per tiller for fall infestations and 6 or 9 greenbugs per tiller for spring infestations. With the newly developed parameters, the average sample number required to classify greenbug populations near economic thresholds (as above or below the economic threshold) varied from 69 to 207. We expect that the sampling plans for greenbugs in winter wheat developed during this study will be efficient and useful tools for consultants and producers in the southern plains.

Kristopher L. Giles, Tom A. Royer, Norman C. Elliott, and S. D. Kindler "Development and Validation of a Binomial Sequential Sampling Plan for the Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Infesting Winter Wheat in the Southern Plains," Journal of Economic Entomology 93(5), 1522-1530, (1 October 2000). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-93.5.1522
Received: 28 January 2000; Accepted: 1 May 2000; Published: 1 October 2000
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