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1 February 2001 The Effects of Cations on the Activity of the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus
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Abstract

Fourteen cations were tested at a 1% concentration (wt:wt), as chlorides, for their effects on the biological activity of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), nuclear polyhedrosis virus (LdMNPV). Cupric chloride was toxic to gypsy moth larvae. Ferrous and ferric chloride were inhibitory to larval growth and development as well as to virus activity. Strontium chloride was inhibitory to virus activity but had no apparent effects on gypsy moth larvae. Six cations had little or no effect on virus activity (i.e., calcium, lanthanum, magnesium, nickel, potassium, sodium), whereas four cations (i.e., cobalt, manganese, ruthenium, zinc) acted as viral enhancers, as indicated by reductions in LC50s.

Martin Shapiro "The Effects of Cations on the Activity of the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus," Journal of Economic Entomology 94(1), 1-6, (1 February 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.1.1
Received: 7 October 1998; Accepted: 1 June 2000; Published: 1 February 2001
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