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1 February 2001 Quarantine Security of Bananas at Harvest Maturity Against Mediterranean and Oriental Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii
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Abstract

Culled bananas (dwarf ‘Brazilian’, ‘Grand Nain’, ‘Valery’, and ‘Williams’) sampled from packing houses on the islands of Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, Molokai, and Oahu identified specific “faults” that were at risk from oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), infestation. Faults at risk included bunches with precociously ripened bananas, or bananas with tip rot, fused fingers, or damage that compromised skin integrity to permit fruit fly oviposition into fruit flesh. No Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), or melon fly, B. cucurbitae (Coquillett), infestations were found in culled banana samples. Field infestation tests indicated that mature green bananas were not susceptible to fruit fly infestation for up to 1 wk past the scheduled harvest date when attached to the plant or within 24 h after harvest. Recommendations for exporting mature green bananas from Hawaii without risk of fruit fly infestation are provided. The research reported herein resulted in a USDA-APHIS protocol for exporting mature green bananas from Hawaii.

John W. Armstrong "Quarantine Security of Bananas at Harvest Maturity Against Mediterranean and Oriental Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Hawaii," Journal of Economic Entomology 94(1), 302-314, (1 February 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.1.302
Received: 6 April 2000; Accepted: 1 October 2000; Published: 1 February 2001
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