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1 April 2001 Categories of Resistance to Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Biotype I in Aegilops tauschii Germplasm
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Abstract

Categories of resistance to greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), biotype I, were determined in goatgrass, Aegilops tauschii (Coss.) Schmal., accession 1675 (resistant donor parent), ‘Wichita’ wheat, Triticum aestivum L., (susceptible parent), and an Ae. tauschii-derived resistant line, ‘97-85-3’. Antibiosis was assessed using the intrinsic rate of increase (rm) of greenbugs confined to each of the three genotypes. Neither parent nor the resistant progeny expressed antibiosis. Mean rm values for greenbug I on Wichita (0.0956), and Ae. tauschii (0.10543) were not significantly different. Mean rm values for Wichita and 97-85-3 were also not significantly different. Antixenosis was determined by allowing aphids a choice to feed on plants of each of the three genotypes. Ae. tauschii 1675 exhibited antixenosis, but this resistance was not inherited and expressed in 97-85-3. In experiments comparing Wichita and Ae. tauschii 1675, greenbug I population distributions were not significantly different on Wichita at 24 h, but were shifted toward Wichita at 48 h. In the second antixenosis experiment, there were no significant differences in greenbug I population distributions on 97-85-3 or Wichita at 24 or 48 h. When all three lines were compared, there were no significant differences in greenbug biotype I populations at 24 or 48 h after infestation. Comparisons of proportional dry plant weight loss (DWT) and SPAD meter readings were used to determine tolerance to greenbug I feeding. Ae. tauschii 1675 and 97-85-3 were highly tolerant compared with Wichita. Infested and uninfested Ae. tauschii 1675 DWT was nonsignificant, and infested Wichita plants weighed significantly less than uninfested plants. When Wichita and 97-85-3 were contrasted, DWT of infested and uninfested Wichita plants were significantly different, but those of 97-85-3 were not. Mean percent leaf chlorophyll losses for the three genotypes, as measured by the SPAD chlorophyll meter, were as follows: Wichita = 65%; Ae. tauschii 1675 = 25%; and 97-85-3 = 39%. Percent leaf chlorophyll losses caused by greenbug feeding was significantly different in comparisons between Wichita and Ae. tauschii 1675, and comparisons between Wichita and 97-85-3, although feeding damage was not significantly different in comparisons between Ae. tauschii 1675 and 97-85-3. These data provided further evidence of the expression of tolerance to greenbug feeding in Ae. tauschii 1675 and 97-85-3.

Michael Flinn, C. Michael Smith, John C. Reese, and Bikram Gill "Categories of Resistance to Greenbug (Homoptera: Aphididae) Biotype I in Aegilops tauschii Germplasm," Journal of Economic Entomology 94(2), 558-563, (1 April 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.2.558
Received: 19 January 2000; Accepted: 1 October 2000; Published: 1 April 2001
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