Inheritance of the high-level diflubenzuron resistance shown by a laboratory-selected strain of Lucilia cuprina (Wiedemann) was examined in matings with a susceptible reference strain. Progeny of reciprocal crosses between resistant females and susceptible males showed higher LC50 values than the alternate reciprocal cross, indicating some maternal influence on inheritance of resistance. Resistance was inherited in a codominant (S♂ × R♀) or incompletely recessive (R ♂ × S♀) manner. Monooxygenase activities (aldrin epoxidation) of the F1 generations were also intermediate between the levels shown by the parental lines, however, inheritance of enzyme activities showed greater degrees of dominance than for resistance levels. There was also some maternal influence on inheritance of monooxygenase activities. Backcrosses of F1 generations to both susceptible and resistant parents did not fit the expected patterns for a major sex-linked resistance locus, indicating that the maternal influence on resistance inheritance was not associated with sex-linkage of a major resistance gene. The backcross data also failed to fit the model for a single major autosomal gene, suggesting that the resistance in the diflubenzuron-selected strain is polygenic, involving mechanisms additional to monooxygenases.
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Vol. 94 • No. 5