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1 December 2001 Field Resistance of Two Soybean Germplasm Lines, HC95–15MB and HC95–24MB, Against Bean Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), and Japanese Beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaidae)
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Abstract

Two recently released, Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestis, Mulsant, resistant soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, germplasm lines, HC95–15MB and HC95–24MB, were examined for foliar and pod feeding resistance to adult bean leaf beetles, Cerotoma trifurcata (Förster), western corn rootworms, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte, and Japanese beetles, Popillia japonica Newman. Both lines were planted along with a susceptible control cultivar in 18 by 30-m plots and separate 0.8-ha size fields. Insects were sampled on a weekly basis with a sweep net. In late summer, defoliation ratings were recorded along with data on percentage pod feeding. Although a few significant differences in insect densities were obtained among the soybean lines on some sampling dates, no specific trends were observed in the ability of the resistant germplasm to reduce insect numbers. Insect population densities were similarly on all lines. However, both resistant lines were able to reduce defoliation during the growing season. Conversely, percentage pod feeding was similar among all the soybean lines, with no differences observed. The resistant germplasm lines appear able to lower levels of defoliation, and thus, offer a potential management tactic where leaf feeding, i.e., defoliation, is of concern. However, their ability to greatly reduce beetle population densities, and for the bean leaf beetle, to reduce pod feeding, appears limited.

R. B. Hammond, P. Bierman, E. Levine, and R. L. Cooper "Field Resistance of Two Soybean Germplasm Lines, HC95–15MB and HC95–24MB, Against Bean Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Western Corn Rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), and Japanese Beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 94(6), 1594-1601, (1 December 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-94.6.1594
Received: 16 February 2001; Accepted: 1 July 2001; Published: 1 December 2001
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