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1 August 2002 Development and Optimization of Methods for Using Sex Pheromone for Monitoring the Mealybug Planococcus ficus (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in California Vineyards
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Abstract

The sex pheromone of the vine mealybug Planococcus ficus Signoret has been identified as a single component, lavandulyl senecioate. Racemic lavandulyl senecioate was as attractive to male mealybugs as the insect-produced (S)-enantiomer, indicating that the unnatural enantiomer is not inhibitory. Lavandulol, which also was found in extracts from virgin females, antagonized attraction of males at higher doses. Rubber septum lures loaded with 10- to 1,000-μg doses of the pheromone were equally attractive, and lures loaded with 100 μg of racemic pheromone remained attractive for at least 12 wk under field conditions. Delta traps were more effective than double-sided sticky cards and minimized captures of nontarget insects. Pheromone-baited traps had an effective range of at least 50 m. Comparison of visual sampling methods and sampling of males with pheromone-baited traps revealed that trap catches were significantly correlated with the results from visual sampling methods, and with economic damage.

Jocelyn G. Millar, Kent M. Daane, J. Steven McElfresh, Jardel A. Moreira, Raksha Malakar-Kuenen, Marta Guillén, and Walt J. Bentley "Development and Optimization of Methods for Using Sex Pheromone for Monitoring the Mealybug Planococcus ficus (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) in California Vineyards," Journal of Economic Entomology 95(4), 706-714, (1 August 2002). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-95.4.706
Received: 23 January 2002; Accepted: 1 March 2002; Published: 1 August 2002
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