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1 June 2003 Transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Corn Hybrid Performance Against Univoltine Ecotype European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in South Dakota
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Abstract

The performances of Bt-corn hybrids against univoltine ecotype European corn borer larvae were evaluated in South Dakota from 1997 to 1999. The corn hybrids were exposed to natural seasonal fluctuations of a univoltine ecotype European corn borer population. Larval injury parameters, grain yields, and gross incomes were quantified during the 3-yr study. In general, the Bt-corn hybrids had significantly higher yields than the untreated non-Bt isolines in 1997 and 1998 when corn borer pressures were high. However, most of the Bt-corn hybrids did not produce significant yield advantages in 1999 when the European corn borer pressure was low. Some of the Bt-corn hybrids even produced significantly lower yields than their untreated non-Bt counterparts in 1999. The performances of non-Bt isolines that were treated with permethrin granules at whorl stage were similar to Bt-corn hybrids in 1998 when the corn borer pressure was high and similar to the untreated non-Bt isolines in 1999 when the corn borer pressure was low. Injury-free corn produced by Bt-corn hybrids did not necessarily translate into higher yields in some hybrid groups. Grain moisture at harvest, which can result in moisture penalty or dockage, was significantly higher in most Bt-corn hybrids. Gross incomes of the Bt-corn hybrids were generally higher than the untreated non-Bt isolines when the corn borer infestation was high, but were either similar to or lower than the untreated non-Bt isolines when the corn borer infestation was low.

Michael A. Catangui "Transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis Corn Hybrid Performance Against Univoltine Ecotype European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in South Dakota," Journal of Economic Entomology 96(3), 957-968, (1 June 2003). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-96.3.957
Received: 4 October 2002; Accepted: 1 January 2003; Published: 1 June 2003
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