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1 October 2003 Resistance to Greenbug (Heteroptera: Aphididae) Biotype I in A egilops tauschii Synthetic Wheats
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Abstract

The greenbug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani), is a major pest of wheat in North America, reducing U.S. wheat production by $60 to $100 million each year. In this research, 149 wheat lines containing genes from Aegilops tauschii (Coss.) Schmal. were evaluated for resistance to greenbug biotype I. More than 50% of the lines sustained moderate foliar chlorosis from greenbug feeding, and approximately one third of all the lines were highly resistant. All lines with chlorosis scores similar to the resistant control ‘Largo’ expressed high levels of antibiosis, producing greenbug populations with mean weights ranging from 0.05 to 11.8 mg. There was no significant difference between greenbug weights on these lines and those reared on ‘Largo’, but the mean weight of individuals reared on the susceptible control ‘Thunderbird’ was significantly greater than those reared on ‘Largo’ or any of the test lines. The mean population size of greenbugs produced on plants of each line was significantly correlated with mean greenbug weight. Tolerance was not evident in any of the lines examined, but was unexpectedly apparent in ‘Thunderbird’ at a level similar to that in the tolerant control cultivar ‘Largo’.

C. Michael Smith and Sharon Starkey "Resistance to Greenbug (Heteroptera: Aphididae) Biotype I in A egilops tauschii Synthetic Wheats," Journal of Economic Entomology 96(5), 1571-1576, (1 October 2003). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-96.5.1571
Received: 22 August 2002; Accepted: 1 May 2003; Published: 1 October 2003
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