Effects of fenitrothion and deltamethrin, the most commonly used insecticides in Iran for controlling Eurygaster integriceps Puton (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae), in wheat and barley were assessed on adults and preimaginal stages of egg parasitoid Trissolcus grandis Thompson (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae). Adult parasitoids exposed to field recommended concentrations of the insecticides suffered 100% mortality within 24 h. LC50 values of fenitrothion and deltamethrin for T. grandis were 8.1 and 3.9 μg (AI)/ml, respectively. Both insecticides and the preimaginal stage of exposure had a significant influence on the level of adult emergence from host eggs treated with field recommended rates. Fenitrothion and deltamethrin reduced the emergence rates by 18 and 34.4%, respectively, compared with the control. However, neither insecticide significantly affected the longevity or reproductive capacity of emerged females, or the sex ratio of their progeny. This study revealed that application of these insecticides should be avoided in early season to conserve natural or released populations of T. grandis. Both insecticides seemed to be detrimental to the parasitoid and need to be applied cautiously through season.
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Vol. 98 • No. 1