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1 April 2005 Protection of Fruit Against Infestation by Apple Maggot and Blueberry Maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) Using Compounds Containing Spinosad
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Abstract

Two insecticide formulations containing the naturalyte insecticide spinosad, GF-120 Fruit Fly Bait and SpinTor 2 SC, were compared for control of apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella (Walsh), and blueberry maggot, Rhagoletis mendax Curran. In 2002 and 2003, larval infestation in blueberries and apples was significantly lower in plots treated with GF-120 (spinosad bait) or SpinTor than in untreated control plots. Fruit fly infestation in apples was reduced by 67% in 2002 after weekly application of GF-120 for 6 wk. Six weeks of GF-120 treatment reduced infestation in blueberries by 85% in 2002 and 98% in 2003. Plots treated weekly with the bait component of GF-120 for 6 wk had significantly higher infestation of blueberry maggot larvae compared with untreated plots in 2002. Observations of wild R. mendax flies revealed that similar numbers of flies landed on blueberry foliage treated with spinosad bait, the bait component alone, or water droplets. However, flies on spinosad bait and bait treated plants spent significantly more time within 5 cm of the treatment droplets compared with control (water) droplets. Overall, the results demonstrate a high degree of efficacy of baited spinosad formulations against these key pests of temperate fruit and suggest that GF-120 is an arrestant for foraging flies.

Kirsten S. Pelz, Rufus Isaacs, John C. Wise, and Larry J. Gut "Protection of Fruit Against Infestation by Apple Maggot and Blueberry Maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) Using Compounds Containing Spinosad," Journal of Economic Entomology 98(2), 432-437, (1 April 2005). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-98.2.432
Received: 27 May 2004; Accepted: 1 December 2004; Published: 1 April 2005
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