Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) and Aphis gossypii Glover are devastating melon, Cucumis melo L., pests. The geographic areas where they occur overlap, and the same chemicals are used to control both of them. Therefore, to reduce pesticide use, it would be necessary to breed melon lines that simultaneously express a resistance to both insects. Female survival; the time when reproduction starts, peaks, and ends; the number of female offspring at the reproductive peak; and total reproduction (S) were determined under semicontrolled conditions for B. tabaci kept in clip-cages on a susceptible melon genotype Vedrantais, and 12 potential resistant accessions, particularly genotypes expressing the Vat gene controlling resistance to A. gossypii. By using the Lewontin triangular reproductive function and Bootstrapping, the intrinsic rate of increase (r) and its variance were calculated. Statistical analysis showed that the parameter S was as relevant as r for discriminating between the melon accessions. Three genotypes were potential genitors of resistance to the whitefly: PI 161375, PI 414723, and PI 532841. Those possessing the Vat gene were either resistant (PI 161375 and PI 414723) or susceptible (Margot, IsoVat R, and AR 5). This demonstrated the ineffectiveness of Vat against B. tabaci. In this article, we propose a strategy to breed lines that express resistance to aphids and whiteflies on the short term.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.