The lethal and sublethal effects of tebufenozide on the survival, development, and reproduction of a field strain of tufted apple bud moth, Platynota idaeusalis (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), were assessed by feeding first and third instars tebufenozide-treated diet until pupation. Larval mortality was 27.4 and 44.7% at 0.1 and 0.2 ppm for first instars and 21.9 and 57.8% at 0.2 and 0.4 ppm for third instars, respectively. Treated larvae exhibited higher pupal mortalities, lower pupal weights, and generally more deformed adults than untreated larvae. Larval development was not affected by tebufenozide when neonates were exposed, but development was accelerated slightly at 0.4 ppm for both males and females when third instars were exposed. All treatments produced sex ratios biased toward males. When paired with either treated or untreated males, females resulting from neonates treated at 0.2 ppm and from third instars treated at both 0.2 and 0.4 ppm laid from 37 to 65% fewer eggs. A reduction in fertility was only found when third instars were treated at the higher 0.4 ppm rate. These results suggest that tebufenozide can exhibit a significant effect on the population dynamics of the tufted apple bud moth.
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Vol. 99 • No. 3