A new species of Goniurosaurus described from Hainan Island is differentiated from all other species by having a series of enlarged, flat, imbricate scales on the mediolateral portions of the wrist; 37–46 preanal pores as opposed to 18–32 for all other species that have preanal pores; thin as opposed to wide juvenile body bands; faint, whitish colored bands in the caudal interspaces; and caudal bands being incomplete ventrally in adults. A phylogenetic analysis reveals that the new species is the basal member of the Goniurosaurus luii group. It differs from the other members of this group, Goniurosaurus luii and Goniurosaurus araneus, in being less than 107 mm in maximum snout vent length, having a more robust body stature, lacking elongate curved penultimate phalanges, having short robust digits, and having thin dark borders on the body bands. Three species of Goniurosaurus occur on Hainan Island.
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