Reproduction in amphibians is stressful and perhaps more so in females than males because of the higher energetic costs of producing eggs than sperm. The ratio of two white blood cells, neutrophils and lymphocytes, has been shown in birds, turtles, and amphibians to increase with stress. We captured breeding and nonbreeding, paedomorphic Mole Salamanders (Ambystoma talpoideum), to determine whether the stress of reproduction is reflected by neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios in this species. In blood smears of all individuals, we observed approximately 25.5 leukocytes per 1000 erythrocytes, with 13% of the leukocytes being neutrophils, 41% lymphocytes, and 46% eosinophils. Less than 1% of leukocytes were basophils and monocytes. Neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios of gravid females were significantly higher (and also more variable) than those of reproductive males and of nonreproductive individuals, indicating a higher degree of physiological stress in reproductive females. Reproductive males did not have higher ratios than nonreproductive individuals. We found no effect of body size on neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios. Our hematological stress results are consistent with studies of other amphibians where different methods were used and with other taxa.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.