The Indonesian parachuting frog Rhacophorus catamitus is endemic to the mountains of southern Sumatra. Herein, we describe the larval morphology of this species based on several developmental stages. Tadpoles were collected from localities that ranged in elevation from 1,068–1,680 m in montane primary and secondary growth rainforest habitats. We matched larvae to an adult paratype and a referred specimen using mitochondrial DNA. The tadpole of R. catamitus has a conspicuous black tail tip and a larval morphology similar to most congeners. Characteristics of this body plan include a ventral oral disc, jaw sheaths, several labial tooth rows, dorsolaterally positioned eyes, a single sinistral spiracle, and a median anal tube. All specimens (N = 28) have a large suctorial oral disc with 9–11 tooth rows (6–8 anterior, 3 posterior) that we hypothesize is an adaptation for life in fast-flowing streams. At least two size cohorts of R. catamitus larvae were collected in June 1996, suggesting that this species may breed either continuously or opportunistically throughout the year.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 46 • No. 4