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1 February 2007 SEASONAL CHANGES IN CIRCULATING PROGESTERONE AND ESTROGEN CONCENTRATIONS IN THE CALIFORNIA SEA LION (ZALOPHUS CALIFORNIANUS)
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Abstract

The measurement of circulating reproductive hormone levels provides a relatively noninvasive method for assessing reproductive status. We assessed seasonal changes in concentrations of progesterone and total estrogens from serum samples collected from live stranded (n = 199) and captive (n = 5) California sea lions (Zalophus californianus). Progesterone concentrations increased in the fall (September–November) in both pregnant and nonpregnant animals, with no significant difference associated with pregnancy. Progesterone concentrations were greater in pregnant animals in the spring (February–April) than in nonpregnant animals. Circulating estrogen concentrations in captive, nonpregnant sea lions increased in July and November, correlating with periods of estrus and implantation. These data provide a baseline for studying reproduction in California sea lions.

Denise J. Greig, Kendall L. Mashburn, Matthew Rutishauser, Frances M. D. Gulland, Terrie M. Williams, and Shannon Atkinson "SEASONAL CHANGES IN CIRCULATING PROGESTERONE AND ESTROGEN CONCENTRATIONS IN THE CALIFORNIA SEA LION (ZALOPHUS CALIFORNIANUS)," Journal of Mammalogy 88(1), 67-72, (1 February 2007). https://doi.org/10.1644/06-MAMM-A-060R2.1
Accepted: 1 July 2006; Published: 1 February 2007
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