During the first ovarian cycle, autogenous female mosquitoes develop their ovaries in the absence of blood feeding. In autogenous Culex pipiens molestus (Forskal), complete yolk deposition was observed 2 d after emergence, even when no feeding was allowed (starved). Neutral lipids in Cx. p. molestus increased during the pupal stage, abruptly declined after emergence, and again increased on day 3. In contrast, neutral lipids decreased in anautogenous Anopheles stephensi (Liston) and Cx. p. pallens (Coquillett) and starved females died within 2–3 d after emergence. High ratios of two major neutral lipids, free fatty acid and triglyceride, were isolated by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) from the lipid contents of both Cx. p. molestus and An. stephensi fourth- instars and newly emerged females. Fatty acid analyses using gas liquid chromatography (GLC) and GLC-mass spectrometry (GLC-MS) showed higher proportions of unsaturated than saturated fatty acids in Cx. p. molestus at both stages and two major neutral lipids: free fatty acids and triglycerides. The percentage composition of linoleic acid (C18:2), which is a precursor of arachidonic acid, was higher in Cx. p. molestus than in An. stephensi. Our results indicated that elevated lipid content before emergence may play a role of inducing ovarian development in autogenous mosquitoes.
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Vol. 37 • No. 5