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1 May 2005 Transmission of a Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex Alphavirus by Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos (Diptera: Culicidae) in Northeastern Peru
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Abstract

Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) complex alphaviruses are serious health threats in the Americas and regularly infect humans living in or near Amazonian rain forests. As part of a larger surveillance program, we placed six hamster-baited mosquito traps in a disturbed white sand forest of northeastern Peru for 3d. Virus isolations from hamster serum and trapped mosquito pools demonstrated that a VEE subtype IIICalphavirus was transmitted to a hamster by the mosquito Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos Sallum, Hutchings & Ferreira. This species, like the other seven proven VEE complex alphavirus vectors, is a member of the Spissipes section of this subgenus. The composition of mosquitoes collected at the site over the sampling period was typical for the region.

Stephen P. Yanoviak, Patricia V. Aguilar, L. Philip Lounibos, and Scott C. Weaver "Transmission of a Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex Alphavirus by Culex (Melanoconion) gnomatos (Diptera: Culicidae) in Northeastern Peru," Journal of Medical Entomology 42(3), (1 May 2005). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2005)042[0404:TOAVEE]2.0.CO;2
Received: 7 November 2004; Accepted: 8 January 2005; Published: 1 May 2005
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