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1 May 2006 Effect of Isometamidium Chloride Treatment on Susceptibility of Tsetse Flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to Trypanosome Infections
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Abstract

Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of a single isometamidium chloride treatment of teneral tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), on the subsequent susceptibility to an infection with Trypanosoma congolense or Trypanosoma brucei brucei. Flies were offered a first bloodmeal on sterile gamma-irradiated defibrinated bovine blood that contained either 10 or 100 μg of isometamidium chloride/ml. Treated flies were subsequently infected with T. congolense IL 1180 or T. b. brucei AnTAR1 on day 3, 5, 10, or 20 posttreatment. To determine the effect of a single treatment with isometamidium chloride at 10 μg/ml on the fly’s susceptibility to infection with isometamidium chloride-resistant trypanosome strains, treated flies were infected with one of two resistant isogenic T. congolense IL 1180 strains 3 d after the first feed. Results showed that a single isometamidium chloride treatment at 10 μg/ml blood sufficed to reduce significantly the fly’s subsequent susceptibility to infection. Only 6.8% of the flies that were treated with isometamidium chloride developed a mature infection with T. congolense in the mouthparts compared with 34.3% of the control group. None of the flies that were administered isometamidium chloride and subsequently infected on day 3 or 6 with T. b. brucei developed a metacyclic infection in the salivary glands compared with 22.7% of the control flies. Likewise for the resistant T. congolense strains, a single treatment with isometamidium chloride significantly reduced the subsequent susceptibility to infection (6.5 and 33.5% of flies with metacyclic infections for treated and untreated flies, respectively). In practice and with respect to the release of sterile male flies to eradicate an isolated tsetse fly population, our results show that administering isometamidium chloride during the first bloodmeal (and before release) would significantly reduce the ability of these released males to transmit trypanosomes.

P. VAN DEN BOSSCHE, K. AKODA, B. DJAGMAH, T. MARCOTTY, R. DE DEKEN, C. KUBI, A. PARKER, and J. VAN DEN ABBEELE "Effect of Isometamidium Chloride Treatment on Susceptibility of Tsetse Flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) to Trypanosome Infections," Journal of Medical Entomology 43(3), 564-567, (1 May 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2006)43[564:EOICTO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 20 October 2005; Accepted: 23 December 2005; Published: 1 May 2006
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