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1 September 2008 Host Feeding Pattern of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Vector Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Kuttanadu, Kerala, India
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Abstract

Identification of blood meals of vector mosquitoes is an important tool in the epidemiological investigations of vector-borne diseases. The blood meals of three mosquito species involved in the transmission of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) from the Kuttanadu area, Kerala, were determined using the agarose gel diffusion technique. A total of 4,959 blood smears belonging to Culex (Culex) tritaeniorhynchus Giles (3,273), Cx. (Culex) gelidus Theobald (64), Mansonia (Mnd.) indiana Edwards (735), and Ma. (Mnd.) uniformis (Theobald) (887) were tested. Cx. tritaeniorhynchus had predominantly fed on bovids (46.4%), and a good proportion (29%) had fed on more than one host. Cx. tritaeniorhynchus was highly zoophagic, and human feeding accounted for only 1.5% of those individuals successfully tested. Cx. gelidus showed bovid feeding at 36% and pig feeding at 12.5%. The test results showed 42.3% Ma. indiana and 12.2% Ma. uniformis had fed on humans. Multiple feeding was observed in Ma. indiana and Ma. uniformis, and most of the double feedings were from bovids and ovids (7.9 and 20.1%, respectively). Pig feeding accounted for 4.8% of the feedings by Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, 5.3% of Ma. indiana, and 6.4% of Ma. uniformis. This study is significant because of the role played by these mosquitoes in the transmission of JEV in the Kuttanadu area of Kerala, India.

P. Philip Samuel, N. Arunachalam, J. Hiriyan, and B. K. Tyagi "Host Feeding Pattern of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Vector Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Kuttanadu, Kerala, India," Journal of Medical Entomology 45(5), (1 September 2008). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[927:HFPOJE]2.0.CO;2
Received: 26 February 2007; Accepted: 21 March 2008; Published: 1 September 2008
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