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1 January 2013 Susceptibility of Larval Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) to Dengue Virus
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Abstract

Mosquitoes vertically transmit many arthropod borne viruses, and as a consequence arboviruses are often present within the larval environment. We tested the hypothesis that Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) larvae were susceptible to dengue virus through two infection methods: exposure to dengue in the larval growth environment via viral supernatant, and exposure to infected tissue culture along with viral supernatant. In addition to investigating for the first time the susceptibility of larval Ae. albopictus to dengue virus, we analyzed the infection rate and viral titer of infected pools of Ae. aegypti when exposed to multiple serotypes of dengue. We found that both Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus larvae were susceptible to the three dengue virus serotypes to which they were exposed regardless of the exposure method and that there were significant differences between the serotypes in infection titer and infection rate. The finding that larval Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus are susceptible to dengue indicates that dengue might be able to spread among larvae within the larval habitat potentially contributing to the persistence of dengue in the environment.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
J. J. Bara, T. M. Clark, and S. K. Remold "Susceptibility of Larval Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) to Dengue Virus," Journal of Medical Entomology 50(1), (1 January 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/ME12140
Received: 26 June 2012; Accepted: 1 November 2012; Published: 1 January 2013
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