Translator Disclaimer
1 May 2014 Survey of Trypanosoma and Leishmania in Wild and Domestic Animals in an Atlantic Rainforest Fragment and Surroundings in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Trypanosoma and Leishmania infections affect wild and domestic animals and human populations. The growing process of deforestation and urbanization of Atlantic Rainforest areas has given rise to introduction of humans and domestic animals to the sylvatic cycles of Trypanosoma and Leishmania species. Serological, parasitological, and molecular surveys among wild and domestic animals in the Corrego do Veado Biological Reserve, which is an Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil, were evaluated. In total, 154 wild animals of 25 species and 67 domestic animals (47 dogs and 20 horses) were sampled. All the domestic animals were serologically negative for anti-Leishmania infantum chagasi antibodies and negative in parasitological approaches. Only the Order Chiroptera presented positive blood cultures and cryopreserved isolates. The phylogenetic trees based on SSU rDNA and gGAPDH genes confirmed the occurrence of Trypanosoma dionisii and provided the first record of Trypanosoma cruzi marinkellei in southeastern Brazil. The studies conducted in Atlantic Rainforest remaining trees provide the knowledge of parasite diversity or detect parasites that can accelerate the loss of hosts diversity.

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
Igor Da C. L. Acosta, Andrea P. Da Costa, Solange M. Gennari, and Arlei Marcili "Survey of Trypanosoma and Leishmania in Wild and Domestic Animals in an Atlantic Rainforest Fragment and Surroundings in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil," Journal of Medical Entomology 51(3), (1 May 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/ME13177
Received: 10 September 2013; Accepted: 1 January 2014; Published: 1 May 2014
JOURNAL ARTICLE
8 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top