Schistosome–host interaction is influenced by multiple factors, such as the type of immune response developed by the host, host genetic background, intensity, and number of infections. Those factors not only affect the development and elimination of Schistosoma mansoni, but also the pathology triggered by infection with this parasite. In the present study, we assessed the parasitological, pathological, and immunological aspects elicited by infection and reinfection in 2 different mouse strains commonly used as models in studies on schistosomiasis: BALB/c and C57BL/6. No differences in worm burden recovery or in the number of eggs per gram of intestine or feces were observed between the strains or between infected and reinfected mice from the same strain. However, the number of eggs trapped in the liver of the reinfected mice was significantly higher than the number of eggs in the liver of the infected animals. But, the granulomatous area was significantly lower in reinfected animals than in infected ones. Additionally, granuloma in the infected BALB/c mice was greater than in infected C57BL/6 animals. Regarding the cytokine profile, spleen cells from the infected/reinfected C57BL/6 mice produced higher interleukin 10 (IL-10) levels against egg antigens than BALB/c-infected/reinfected mice. BALB/c mice, in contrast, produced significantly higher IL-4 and IL-13 cytokines after infection/reinfection than the C57BL/6 mice, with the highest levels of IL-13 being observed after reinfection. Our results demonstrate that, although different host backgrounds did not impact resistance to S. mansoni, they result in different immunological profiles that suggest different pathological impacts on the liver.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.