The effect of the dinitroaniline herbicides oryzalin and trifluralin on the growth of Entamoeba histolytica was examined. Oryzalin inhibited the growth of E. histolytica strain HM-1:IMSS. Trifluralin was less effective than oryzalin for this parasite. Entamoeba histolytica was more resistant to these dinitroanilines than other parasitic protozoa examined so far, including Leishmania spp., Trypanosoma brucei, Plasmodium falciparum, Toxoplasma gondii, and Cryptosporidium parvum. Colchicine, a potent microtubule inhibitor of animal cells, was much less effective for E. histolytica, even at very high concentrations. A reptilian parasite, Entamoeba invadens strain IP-1, examined for comparison, was more resistant to these dinitroanilines than E. histolytica. Accumulation of E. histolytica trophozoites in mitosis was observed after culture in 100 μM oryzalin. The inhibitory effect of oryzalin on the growth of E. histolytica trophozoites was abrogated by removal of the drug after exposure to 100 μM for 2 days. In parallel to the recovery of growth after removal of the drug, the percentage of trophozoites in mitosis was reduced to a normal level. The results indicate that treatment of trophozoites with oryzalin arrests mitosis and that its effect is reversible. Therefore, oryzalin is a useful tool for studies relating to the cell cycle of this parasite.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.