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1 October 2000 ECTOPARASITES AND GASTROINTESTINAL HELMINTHS OF SOUTHERN FLYING SQUIRRELS IN SOUTHEAST GEORGIA
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Abstract

Southern flying squirrels (Glaucomys volans) from southeastern Georgia were examined for ectoparasites and gastrointestinal helminths. Ten species of ectoparasites were recovered, including 3 species of sucking lice (Hoplopleura trispinosa, Microphthirus uncinatus, and Neohaematopinus sciuropteri), 1 species of flea (Orchopeas howardi), 2 species of ticks (Amblyomma maculatum and Ixodes scapularis), 3 species of mesostigmatid mites (Androlaelaps casalis, A. fahrenholzi, and Haemogamasus ambulans), and 1 species of chigger (Leptotrombidium peromysci). Only the sucking lice and fleas were common on this host. M. uncinatus is reported for the first time from eastern North America. The 2 most commonly collected ectoparasites, N. sciuropteri (prevalence = 63%) and O. howardi (prevalence = 47%), have previously been shown to be vectors of the rickettsial zoonotic agent that causes sporadic epidemic typhus. Also, 3 nematodes (Citellinema bifurcatum, Strongyloides robustus, and Syphacia thompsoni), 1 unidentified cestode, and 1 acanthocephalan (Moniliformis clarki) were found in flying squirrel gastrointestinal tracts. With the exception of S. thompsoni, which was common and relatively abundant in the cecum (prevalence = 94%, intensity = 51 ± 12), both the prevalence and intensity of helminth parasites were low. The nematode S. thompsoni and the acanthocephalan M. clarki are new state records for tree squirrels in Georgia.

Oscar J. Pung, Lance A. Durden, Michael J. Patrick, Toshica Conyers, and Lee R. Mitchell "ECTOPARASITES AND GASTROINTESTINAL HELMINTHS OF SOUTHERN FLYING SQUIRRELS IN SOUTHEAST GEORGIA," Journal of Parasitology 86(5), (1 October 2000). https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2000)086[1051:EAGHOS]2.0.CO;2
Received: 18 October 1999; Accepted: 1 February 2000; Published: 1 October 2000
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