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1 April 2001 Susceptibility of Avian Hosts to Experimental Gymnophalloides seoi Infection
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To determine whether avian species are susceptible to infection with Gymnophalloides seoi (a human-infecting intestinal trematode), we exposed 7 species of birds with metacercariae obtained from oysters. The birds were necropsied at days 2, 4, and 6 postinfection (PI). The highest worm recovery at day 6 PI was obtained from the Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus; = 56.0%), followed by the Mongolian plover (C. mongolus; 49.3%), and the grey plover (Pluvialis squatarola; 32.3%). In contrast, no mature worms were recovered from the great knot (Calidris tenuirostris), dunlin (C. alpina), black-tailed gull (Larus crassirostris), and mallard (Anas platyrhynchos). Among the plovers, the worms attained the greatest size at day 6 PI (254.1 × 190.4 µm) in the Kentish plover, with a significantly higher number of eggs in the uterus. The 3 species of plovers are highly susceptible to experimental G. seoi infection, suggesting that they could play a role as definitive hosts for these worms in nature.

Y-S. Ryang, J-C. Yoo, S-H. Lee, and J-Y. Chai "Susceptibility of Avian Hosts to Experimental Gymnophalloides seoi Infection," Journal of Parasitology 87(2), (1 April 2001).[0454:SOAHTE]2.0.CO;2
Published: 1 April 2001

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