Preparation of stained smears of Entamoeba histolytica has several drawbacks. We therefore tried to simplify the staining procedures by modifing Kohn's chlorazol black E staining and Wheatley's trichrome staining techniques. Trophozoites and cysts of axenically cultured E. histolytica and Entamoeba invadens, respectively, and trophozoites and cysts of E. histolytica in stools of patients were used. Karyosomes and peripheral chromatin of nuclei and chromatoid bodies became distinctly visible after amoebae were suspended in the basic solution of Kohn's stain. Amoebae fixed in suspension with either basic solution or Bouin's fixative were clearly stained with Kohn's and trichrome preparations, both as wet mounts directly and as permanent slides after processing for mounting. These procedures were easier when the basic solution was used as a fixative and trichrome stain was employed. Erythrocytes ingested by trophozoites, however, were not stained with either of these preparations after fixation in the basic solution but were clearly stained when Bouin's fixative was used. Cysts of E. histolytica in stools concentrated using basic solution (instead of formalin) and ether were also stained with these stains. Consequently, without employing highly toxic mercuric chloride, wet mounts and permanent smears can be prepared with permanent stains, and preserved cysts can be stained after concentration.
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