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1 December 2001 MYOELECTRIC RESPONSE OF THE SMALL INTESTINE TO THE ORAD PRESENCE OF THE TAPEWORM HYMENOLEPIS DIMINUTA
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Abstract

During its 24-hr migratory cycle in the small intestine, Hymenolepis diminuta is located in the orad part of the small intestine during the early morning hours and then in the caudad part of the small intestine during the late afternoon and early evening. During the later period, tapeworm-induced alterations of interdigestive myoelectric activity, a correlate of smooth muscle contraction or intestinal motility, are most intense in the ileal region. The hypothesis tested was that the tapeworm-induced changes in intestinal motility are local responses of the intestine responding to the close proximity of the lumenally positioned tapeworm and to the nutritional state of the host. The small intestine was monitored before and for 20 days after infection using electrodes implanted on the serosa of the small intestine. Myoelectric recordings were analyzed for the frequency of the normal patterns of interdigestive myoelectric spiking patterns and the altered myoelectric spiking related to tapeworm infection. During the morning hours, when the tapeworms are situated in the orad small intestine, no changes were observed during the normal myoelectric pattern of the digestive phase in any region of the intestine. When examined after the conversion of the digestive to interdigestive phase of motility, only on day 10 postinfection was the interdigestive phase significantly altered. It was concluded that the presence of the tapeworm in the orad small intestine during the satiety stage of the rat causes no changes in the electric events of the small intestine, with the exception of day 10 postinfection. Because tapeworms in the orad small intestine do not induce the tapeworm-altered myoelectric activity observed in the afternoon and evening with caudally positioned tapeworms, tapeworm-altered motility is not simply a response of the small intestine to the local presence of the tapeworm.

Ruth M. Wise, Paul Bass, and John A. Oaks "MYOELECTRIC RESPONSE OF THE SMALL INTESTINE TO THE ORAD PRESENCE OF THE TAPEWORM HYMENOLEPIS DIMINUTA," Journal of Parasitology 87(6), 1255-1259, (1 December 2001). https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2001)087[1255:MROTSI]2.0.CO;2
Received: 2 March 2001; Accepted: 1 May 2001; Published: 1 December 2001
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