Tick salivary gland extract (SGE) was previously shown to inhibit murine T cell proliferation. In mice, SGE has an inhibitory effect on Th1 and a stimulatory effect on Th2 cytokine elaboration. In the present study, tick-mediated immunomodulation of human T cell proliferation and cytokine elaboration was analyzed using human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with concanavalin A (Con A) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Using flow cytometry, tick saliva–induced changes were investigated in human mononuclear cell subpopulations. SGE from Ixodes ricinus dose-dependently inhibited human T cell proliferation. This finding supports the flow cytometry data, showing that the percentage of Con A–activated HLA-DR CD3 T lymphocytes and CD4 CD8 double-positive T cells decreased after SGE treatment. SGE significantly inhibited the in vitro production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) secreted by Th1 lymphocytes. In contrast, the elaboration of IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 secreted by Th2 lymphocytes was significantly stimulated by I. ricinus SGE. Similarly, the production of both IL-1α and IL-1β was significantly stimulated after SGE treatment. These data indicate that the tick-induced immunomodulatory events in humans are similar to those previously described in a murine model.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.