Serum-free media were examined to culture Babesia caballi. Daigo's T (DT) basal medium supplemented with Daigo's GF21 (GF21) or GIT medium, which already contains GF21, supported the parasite propagation at 37 C in a humidified atmosphere under 5% CO2 in air. Growth of B. caballi was dependent of the suitable concentration (10–20%) of GF21. Therefore, GF21 was suggested as the growth-promoting factor for B. caballi. However, GIT medium did not support the growth of parasites from cryopreserved stabilates, and serum supplementation was essential for the retrieval of parasites.
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