Extracts of the seeds of the leguminous tree Millettia thonningii are molluscicidal and schistosomicidal and contain a mixture of isoflavonoids and 3-phenylcoumarins. Robustic acid and a pure mixture of alpinumisoflavone and dimethylalpinumisoflavone, as characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, were isolated from a dichloromethane extract. The bioactivity of these compounds against Schistosoma mansoni miracidia, cercariae, and adult worms was tested in vitro. Both robustic acid and the alpinumisoflavone mixture killed cercariae and adult schistosomes in vitro. At sublethal concentrations of the isoflavonoids, reductions in miracidial motility were measured using a video-imaging technique. The inhibition of mitochondrial electron transport at site I by the isolated isoflavonoids was also investigated. The results suggest that robustic acid and at least 1 alpinumisoflavone compound from the dichloromethane extract of the seeds of M. thonningii are responsible for some of the observed bioactivity of this extract against schistosomes.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.