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1 April 2002 IMMUNE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE COURSE OF INFECTION WITH NEOSPORA CANINUM IN THE MURINE HOST
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Abstract

This paper investigates the role of specific immune factors on the course of infection in genetic knockout (gko) mice infected with 3 different strains of Neospora caninum. Survival time and parasite persistence were examined in interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor receptor-2 (TNFR2), interleukin 10 (IL-10), beta 2 microglobulin (β2M), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS2) gko or wild-type (wt) mice following infection with either pathogenic (NC-1 or NC-2) or attenuated (NCts-8) N. caninum strains. Infection with NC-1 was 100% lethal in IFN-γ gko mice, as evidenced by mean survival times of 10–13 days, depending on the challenge dose used. TNFR2 and β2M gko mice infected with NC-1 or NC-2 strain demonstrated partial susceptibility to disease, as evidenced by histopathology and survival curves. TNFR2 or β2M gko mice were not susceptible to infection with NCts-8, on the basis of absence of pathology and lack of mortality. Lack of mortality and minimal histopathology scores demonstrated that NC-1, NC-2, and NCts-8 infections were avirulent in IL-10 and iNOS2 gko mice. Adoptive transfer of immune cells from NCts-8 vaccinated normal syngeneic mice into IFN-γ gko mice significantly (P < 0.05) prolonged mean survival times at all 3 challenge doses of NC-1 but failed to protect against mortality. Interestingly, there was a notable change in the tissue tropism of tachyzoites from the lung and brain in immunocompetent wt, TNFR2 gko, IL-10 gko, β2M gko, and iNOS2 gko mice to the liver and spleen in IFN-γ gko mice when challenged with N. caninum. On the basis of these results in gko mice, IFN-γ is a critical cytokine in the host response against acute neosporosis.

Dianne M. Ritter, Roy Kerlin, Gary Sibert, and David Brake "IMMUNE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE COURSE OF INFECTION WITH NEOSPORA CANINUM IN THE MURINE HOST," Journal of Parasitology 88(2), 271-280, (1 April 2002). https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2002)088[0271:IFITCO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 11 June 2001; Accepted: 1 October 2001; Published: 1 April 2002
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