Host larvae of Drosophila melanogaster injected with the eicosanoid biosynthesis inhibitor, dexamethasone, prior to parasitization by the wasp Leptopilina boulardi, exhibited significantly reduced rates of melanotic encapsulation in comparison with control and saline-injected larvae. The results of this investigation suggest that prostaglandins and other eicosanoids are involved as cell-signaling molecules in the hemocytic encapsulation reaction of D. melanogaster larvae.
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